Dandruff is a common problem for both men and women and is highly embarrassing. About 50% of the world population experience dandruff of different levels depending on the scalp condition and health. If you are facing this problem, then you must be aware of its causes to get rid of dandruff and find the perfect solution.
Dandruff is all about the scalp rather than hair. The health of your hair indicates the underlying situation of your scalp. No matter how hard you try to hide those annoying flakes, they are always visible to people and affect your confidential level.
If you want to combat dandruff with simple and cost-efficient remedies, you must get to know about dandruff and its causes before finding its solutions.
What is Dandruff?
Dandruff is a chronic skin condition usually characterized by a flaky scalp. It is basically the dead skin of the scalp clumped together in the form of flakes due to excess oil.
The market is full of medical and commercial products that can help treat mild dandruff. However, if you have severe dandruff, scalp itchiness, or mild psoriasis, you need prescription drugs or specialized medicated shampoos to treat underlying skin disorders.
In most cases, we can easily control dandruff by finding the cause of dandruff and taking measures to avoid the causes and symptoms.
Causes of Dandruff
People with dry skin are more likely to get dandruff as there are more chances of dead skin flaking away when your skin is already scaly or peeling. There are more chances of dandruff in people with dry skin, and it is common in dry winters.
Seborrheic Dermatitis is a skin ailment caused by Malassezia, a particular yeast found in the oil concealed by your scalp. This condition causes itchy scalp, irritation, stubborn dandruff, and scaly patches on your head.
You can treat this condition with regular cleansing, proper care, and specialized dandruff shampoos.
Though hygiene or cleanliness is not directly related to dandruff yet shampooing often or not cleaning the scalp and hair regularly can make oil from your scalp. The clumps of skin cells can cause dandruff when remaining together over some time.
Heat and Pollution:
Heat and pollution are also one of the significant causes of dandruff, especially when affecting your scalp. They can cause skin irritation, excessive sweating, and fungal infection on your scalp that all lead to dandruff.
Stress can also lead to dandruff besides other factors. Since yeast, Malassezia already exists on everyone’s scalp. It can be enhanced when you are stressed, and also it causes an itch-scratch cycle. The more you scratch, the more itchiness, so it can make your skin flaky and sensitive.
People having certain skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis are prone to having dandruff more frequently as dandruff is recurring in such skin disorders. Still, it can be avoided with regular care and proper treatment.
Treatments for dandruff
Change your diet:
In the opinion of dermatologists, poor nutrition can lead to dandruff, and foods high in carbs build up glycogen in the skin, which feeds on the yeast. Dairy and Sugary foods incite the sebaceous glands, which produce excess oil on the skin. So you must skip sugary and carb enriched foods if you are prone to dandruff.
Use a special anti-dandruff shampoo:
Besides standard shampoos, many specialized shampoos are now produced according to different hair types and conditions. Special dandruff shampoos are manufactured with all such ingredients that work effectively to reduce dandruff.
No matter what level of dandruff or scalp condition you are experiencing, you can even find different options in this category according to the severeness of your dandruff.
Here is the list of best dandruff shampoos that are vegan and cruelty-free as well, so they won’t harm your scalp as they are free from harsh chemicals. You can check the list and select the best suitable option.
Use natural remedies:
Tea tree oil, apple cider vinegar, and salicylic acid work magically for a flaky scalp. You can use apple cider vinegar as a toner to treat dandruff as it has anti-inflammatory properties to lower the yeast level on the skin. Also, you can use other natural oils such as tea tree oil, jojoba oil, or rosemary to reduce dandruff. Salicylic acid will help to exfoliate your scalp and gently lifts the top layer of dry skin to break down the dandruff flakes.
If you want to get rid of dandruff, you must “resist the urge to itch.” So don’t think about scratching as it can intensify irritation and inflammation. If you have long or sharp nails, scratching can even lead to infection when you accidentally scratch an open scalp wound. Doing a gentle massage of hot oil or specialized dandruff shampoo can help a lot, and it allows the ingredients to penetrate the scalp.